What is Panama's national flower

Interesting facts about Panama

National signs and symbols

The crest

The coat of arms was adopted provisionally and then definitively with the same laws that adopted the Panamanian flag.

The eagle carries a flag in its beak with the phrase "Promundi Beneficio" (in favor of the world) and above its head the nine gold stars, which represent the nine provinces of the republic. The middle section contains the Isthmus of Panama.

The National anthem

The text was written by Jer ónimo de la Ossa, the music is by Santos a. Jorge. The hymn was first sung in the streets of the capital on Independence Day in 1903 and was not officially adopted until 1925.


It preciso cubrir con un velo
Del pasado el calvario y la cruz;
Y que adorne el azul de tu cielo
De concordia la espléndida luz

El progreso acaricia tus lares.
Al compás de sublime canción,
Ves rugir a tus pies ambos mares
Quedan rumbo a tu noble misión.

Alcanzamos por fin la victoria
At the campo feliz de la unión;
Con ardientes fulgores de gloria
Se ilumina la nueva nación.

En tu suelo cubierto de flores
a los besos del tibio terral,
Terminaron guerreros fragores;
Sólo reina el amor fraternal.

Adelante la pica y la pala,
Al trabajo sin más dilación,
Y seremos así prez y gala
De este mundo feraz de Colón.



It is necessary to veil with a curtain
The Calvary and Cross of the past,
And for you to adorn the azure of your skies
With the splendid light of concord.

Progress fondly touches your homes,
In time with the music of a sublime song.
You see, roaring at your feet, two oceans
Which give direction to your noble mission.

We finally attained victory
In the happy field of union.
With glowing splendor,
The new nation is illumined.

On your flower -covered soil,
Kissed by the warm breeze,
Warlike clamor has ended
And only brotherly love reigns.

Ahead, with spade and stone - mason's hammer!
To work, without more delay!
In this way we shall be the honor and glory
This fertile land of Columbus.



National, commercial and naval flags - aspect ratio = 2: 3

This is the national flag of the Republic of Panama. It is divided into four quarters. The blue quarter represents the conservative party, the red the liberal party. These were the two traditional political parties at the time of the formation of the Republic of Panama

The other two quarters are white, they represent the peace and harmony between the two previously mentioned political parties. Each of these two white quarters has a star in the middle. The blue star represents the purity and honesty that should characterize the civil life of the republic; the red star, justice and the law.

The Panamanian flag was founded on October 29th, 1903 by Mr. Manuel e. Amador designed and created by his wife Mrs. Maria Ossa de Amador on November 2nd, 1903. She was only baptized on December 20th of the same year. With Law 64 of 1904 the flag was provisionally adopted, devinitively with Law 4 of 1925. This was formalized by Law 28 of March 28, 1941.

See also: Historical flags

National bird

The national bird of Panama is the "Aguila ARPa" (Harpy eagle, Harpia harpyja = its Latin name). The Harpia Harpyja is a very rare animal. with an unknown population. The bird reaches a weight of 5-8 kilograms (male) and 7-9 kilograms (female) and a wingspan of about 2.2 meters. The habitat of the harpy eagle are the tropical lowland forests. Except in Panama it can only be found in southern Mexico, Central America and South America to the northern part of Argentina. It is one of the largest species of eagles and can reach speeds of around 50 mph.

National flower

The national flower of Panama is a terrestrial orchid called "Flor Del Espiritu Santo" (Holy Spirit Orchid). You can find this genus from Costa Rica to Colombia and Ecuador. A dove can be seen within the flower, which is what gave the orchid its name. It blooms from July to October. The fruit of the holy spirit orchid grows dramatically, reaching a size comparable to a softball ball by the time it is ripe.

National dress

The "pollera" is the national costume of women. Nowadays this dress is no longer in common use. The costume is highly valued during certain national festivities as well as the Carnival. Sometimes it is kept entirely in white, but mostly it is decorated with applications of a certain color. The head of the women is adorned with expensive gold jewelry. A pollera, with all of its decorations, is handcrafted and can cost several thousand dollars

The national costume of men is the "Montuno". The costume is accompanied by a hat. This original hat from Panama must not be confused with the well-known "Panama hat" used in Ecuador.

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This page represents basic information. It is updated routinely. No guarantee can be given for the correctness and completeness of the information.