What sword did the Prophet Muhammad use?
Sura 26 verses 224-226Poet - hated and loved
"And the poets - the erring ones follow them. Have you not seen them wandering about in every wadi, confused, saying what they are not doing?"
Despite all the demands of orthodox scholarship, both Muslim and non-Muslim, large parts of the Koran are considered poetry. According to formal criteria, some of them are. The fact that Muslims persistently reject this has less to do with poetry as such, but more with the poets.
The Koran series is explained as a multimedia presentation
There was even a temple in Mecca, a kind of chapel for the Djinns. The name Abd al-Jinn was also not unknown among the Arabs at that time. It means servant of the Djins and is reminiscent of the name Abdullah, which is common today, which means servant of God. The Arabs also knew a place called 'Abqar. They were believed to be the residence of the jinn. The Arabic term abqarî is derived from this word - in German: genius.Dr. Shady Hekmat Nasser, born in Kuwait, grew up in Lebanon, today teaches at the renowned Cambridge University in England (priv.)
During the first years of Muhammad's prophecy in Mecca there was tension between him and some Meccan poets. They wrote and spread mocking poems about him and the new faith.
These tensions culminated in the three verses of the Koran quoted at the beginning. The poets and those who are devoted to them are condemned in it. By herringing the poets, Mohammed distinguishes himself as a prophet. His revelation come from God, the inspiration of the poetry of demons.
Despite this condemnation of poets and their works, the Arabs and Muslims never turned away from poetry. On the contrary. Poetry remained the main form of expression of Arab and Muslim civilization.
How can this contradiction between the Koranic condemnation of poetry and its general popularity in all strata of Arab society be resolved? And above all, how is it to be understood that Mohammed even surrounded himself with poets. The most important of them was Hassan bin Thâbit. Above all, the prophet used him to defend the new religion and to attack his opponents.
Muslim scholars disagree on the exact interpretation of the verses discussed here. Some sought a compromise by stating that not all genres of poetry are doomed. Only those who distract you from being a good Muslim are condemned - for example, revenge poetry or erotic art forms.
Other scholars have suggested that the condemnation in these three verses is aimed only at those poets in Mecca who were hostile to Muhammad and his companions. They also said that the following verse 227, revealed much later, lifted the prohibition of poetry by allowing poetry to those who “believe and do good works and remember God often and defend themselves only after them Wrong happened. "
In order to safely separate the Koran, as the word of God, from any form of human literary production, Muslim scholars established a third category of text types: In addition to poetry and prose, they declared the Koran to be an independent literary genre. The Koran is therefore neither poetry nor prose and consists of a unique and inimitable literary revelation of God, to which neither demons nor muses could inspire poets.
The audio version is a slightly shortened version of this text for reasons of broadcasting time.
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