What is the trumpet made of

Trumpet structure and function

Today we deal with the basics: Tromepte structure and function. The trompe belongs to the brass instrument group because they have a metal mouthpiece.

The structure of a recipe looks like this:

As with all wind instruments, the muzzle of the trumpet must match the player exactly - such as the size of the lips, the lung volume and the position of the teeth. The lips must be able to vibrate at the front, in the so-called kettle, the more even the air pressure, the more noble the tone.

Main tuning slide
The main tuning slide is the first turn of the trumpet reed viewed from the mouthpiece. With its help, the trumpet is tuned. The overall length can be increased or decreased to tune the instrument lower or higher.

Valve block
The three valves of the trumpet are housed in the valve block. First valve: If you press the valve button, the tube of the trumpet is lengthened by 1/8 and you can play a series of notes that sounds a whole tone lower than the one without valves. Second valve: When the button is pressed, the air flows through the second valve slide. The trumpet reed is lengthened by 1/15 and thus deepened by a semitone. Third valve: If you press it, you can play a series of notes that is one and a half notes lower than the one without using the valve. The tube is lengthened by 1/5.

The bell is the trumpet's primary body. Depending on the shape and material of the bell, the timbre of the instrument can be changed. Nickel silver helps to create a light tone. Goldmesser creates a soft dark tone. The more pronounced the bell, the darker and warmer the tone.

It is normal for moisture to build up in the trumpet while playing, and the result is often a bubbling sound. To avoid this, the water key is pressed and blown silently into the instrument.

Keywords: wind instruments