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: Review in brief

"Käsebier conquers the Kurfürstendamm", novel by Gabriele Tergit. Hardly anyone knew that apart from “Berlin Alexanderplatz” there was another important literary depiction of the famous Brecht epoch and its location in Berlin: published by Rowohlt in 1931, and an immediate success. In the reprint there is a tender photo of the talented young girl Dr. Gabriele Reifenberg, who called herself Tergit. After emigrating, she now lives in London. We nineteen seventies, addicted to stability and distrustful of our own epoch, read that forty years ago (almost) the same feeling of the world prevailed in Berlin-Germany. (Certainly not so blatant in others German places.) The age crackled, dizzy bankruptcies in the framework. Tergit, never denying the class journalist for a moment, unfolds the imagined story of the humble entertainer Käsebier from Neukölln using hundreds of individual examples from the press, trade, construction, art and administration: Speculators turn it into a business item, market it, repel it again. An epoch drama. Amazed and confused, we discover today - and maybe let our claim to a little progress lose again? - the truth of the tergite from back then: “We Contemporaries, desperately on the run from tomorrow, which appears cut off, into yesterday But Where is that fundamentally different, forty years later? Perhaps that, from the Tergit theorem: "Someone smelled this air of freedom, cheek and gasoline" delete one adjective, leave the other unmoved to the apostles of interpretation who have been paid for it. F and F, cheek and freedom, beautiful balloons, but at that time still taken halfway seriously, because the double blow of history had not yet hit the place where Käsebier was supposed to make the ascent from Neukölln to Kurfürstendamm, but "only" World War I, Inflation and economic crisis. That’s the difference between then and now. We have one more disaster under our belt. What distinguishes Tergit from - Doblin's expressionistic doom ballad is also the question of class; Tergit's topic was the glamorous crowd, the demi-world of the upper ten thousand of Berlin W, probably her own class. Döblin, the medical doctor from Berlin N, wrote about the underworld of crooks in the working-class neighborhoods of the city of four million. And, the lady wrote in sync with the times, Döblin, on the other hand, ten years later, already abroad, when the petty-bourgeois demons were already fully in action. (Wolfgang Krüger Verlag, Frankfurt, 1977; 286 pp., 22 DM.) Marianne Eichholz


“Positive Psychotherapy - Theory and Practice of a New Method”, by Nossrat Peseschkian. “Positive psychotherapy” means: the gaze is not attached to the symptoms of illness that need to be eliminated, but to skills that need to be developed. This is not as absolutely new as the author and publisher claim, but it has developed to a special consistency here: In an overview of clinical pictures, every defect becomes one "Expandability" assigned; lazing around appears as Ability to avoid performance requirements " or frigidity as “Ability to say no through the body”. Such a view allows a change of perspective and requires differentiation; the latter is next to the positive turn ("everyone Human is good ”) the second cornerstone of Peseschkian's psychotherapy. A distinction is made primarily according to "Current skills", a system of categories of psychosocial norms or "Socialization variables", which serves the more precise descriptive recording of conflict situations (a patient does not simply have a bond with the mother, but the problem is centered in a specific way around experiences such as punctuality, order, honesty). Does that already result in a new theory and a new method? It seems to me that Peseschkian, using his own transcultural situation as a Persian in Germany fruitfully and perhaps a little overestimating, has above all a conceptual framework for a wide-ranging eclecticism (he himself speaks of "Integral method") built, whose ability to assimilate knows no school boundaries. It is favored by a pragmatism that rather spares depth dimensions and understands psychotherapy as follow-up education, as a learning aid in life difficulties that are predominantly based on “misunderstandings. How this approach is supposed to cure schizophrenia and improve social equality in psychotherapy (both claims are raised) is not entirely clear when reading the book. (S. Fischer Verlag, Frankfurt, 1977; 452 pp. 34, –DM) Hans Krieger