What martial art includes dim mak
Dim Mak - touch of death
The Dim Mak and its appearance
When you hear the word Dim Mak, you think of the heroic scene from Bloddsport that is bursting with testosterone. In his role as Frank Dux, Jean Claude van Damme is asked to smash a brick with the Dim Mak in order to be allowed to take part in a tournament. The highlight: on the pile of bricks, he should not destroy the top stone, but the bottom one and leave the others intact. In my opinion it is a fantastic scene that can compete with the shadowless step 无影 脚 of the Chinese legend Wong Feihung 黃飛鴻. Unfortunately, the scene is a bit misleading, because there is much more to the technique of Dim Mak than an impulsive blow.
Before I get to the actual origin of Dim Mak, I will briefly introduce Frank Dux's Dim Mak. According to Frank Dux, he was trained as a ninja by the ninjitsu expert Senzo Tanaka as a teenager. One technique he developed during his time as a ninja was the dim mak. Frank Dux's Dim Mak is a striking technique that damages a target far behind the actual surface of the impact, without damaging it, thus allowing hits that do not leave any external traces / injuries on the object. There are similar techniques in kung fu. But the real Dim Mak works very differently.
"Touch of death" is what they call the Dim Mak in the West. The term Dim Mak 點 脈diǎnmài
Originally comes from Cantonese and correctly translated means "pressing / squeezing the arteries". In standard Chinese, the technology is called 点穴diǎnxué and also means "pressing / squeezing the arteries". It has its origins in traditional Chinese medicine and involves the treatment of vital points through acupressure. While this treatment was still cure in the medical sense, techniques in the martial arts have developed over time that make use of this principle and aim at the destruction of the opponent. Since traditional martial arts often follow the principle of harmony, destructive effects can be neutralized with a counter-technique.
During Dim Mak, the fighter presses his opponent's finger on nerve meridians in order to stimulate them negatively. A pressure, shock or blow to the nerve points can cause pain, short-term paralysis, respiratory failure or even death. The vital points are divided into four basic groups: hūnxué cause fainting, yǎxué cause dumbness, máxué cause paralysis and sǐxué cause death. The Japanese Kyoshu-Jitsu has a very similar application of these techniques.
(In the video, Kyuso-Jitsu Master Daniel from Argentina shows Dim Mak on the basis of his students. Among other things, he shows the interruption of the blood supply in the legs by pressing a nerve on the forearm, which causes the person to fall. Another example is helping a drunk friend who is lying motionless on the floor. The person can be moved by applying pressure to nerve points on the head. Techniques that lead to fainting must be countered with appropriate counter-techniques.)
Traditional Chinese Medicine treats a total of 360 points on the human body that are applicable for attack and healing. In the Asian martial arts, 108 of these are usually examined more closely. The pupil learns the healing properties at the beginning before he comes to the fighting. In Taijiquan one starts from a total of 46 points on one's own body, with which the practitioner can release one's own energies. The founder of modern karate Funakoshi Gichin, even limited himself to only 40 points of attack. However, these are not based on the position in the meridian system, but simply anatomically. The goal in this case is the destruction of anatomical structures and the effect on pain receptors.
The real Dim Mak is not a mystical death blow, but is based on explainable acupressure techniques. However, the image of Dim Mak in films is often exaggerated and misrepresented. An application in real combat is rather questionable. Because often it is difficult to reach hit zones of one to three millimeters. To be able to attack them in a scuffle is extremely dubious. But that's mostly how it is with theory and practice in martial arts.
What do you think of the applicability of Dim Mak or have you even had experience with the technology? Feel free to leave your opinion with a comment.
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