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Buses as a means of transport for all distances
With the emergence of metropolitan areas, the need for an efficient transport system for the steadily growing number of city residents arose as early as the 19th century. With the development of the internal combustion engine, it became possible in the first decades of the 20th century to develop motorized commercial vehicles for passenger transport. The soon omnibus Vehicles, or buses, for short, had a significant advantage over the trams used in many places: They were not dependent on rails and overhead lines and were therefore more flexible to use. In the local public transport (ÖPNV) buses play the main role today and also on medium and long distances the Bus as a means of transport established. One of the world's largest buses for everyday use is the Neoplan Jumbocruiser, built until 1992, which could be set up as an 18-meter-long __ articulated bus__ and __ double-decker__ for up to 170 passengers.
Minibuses for up to eight passengers
The smallest buses are usually derived from small vans and instead of a cargo area have a car-like interior with benches for up to eight passengers. Minibuses are used as leisure and family vehicles as well as commercially in school and shuttle transport. Minibuses are also used in local public transport.
City buses and intercity buses in public transport
The main role in local public transport is played by city and intercity buses. A typical city bus with a length of 18 meters offers up to 44 seats and standing room for almost 80. The articulated bus is a variant with space for a good 120 passengers. Most city buses today are designed as low-floor buses. The advantage over the previously common high-floor construction: low-floor buses make it easier for passengers to get on and off. Both types can be found in the intercity bus, which runs in regional traffic and usually offers a higher number of seats than a standard city bus. In some large cities, double-deckers are also used, the seats of which are arranged on two levels.
In the coach, value is placed on comfort
Compared to the city bus, Buses in tourist traffic placed more emphasis on comfort. Comfortable upholstery, galley, video and toilet are often part of the basic equipment in the coach. The combination bus is a special form of touring coach with a mixture of people and goods transporters. Combination buses have a separate structure behind the passenger compartment as storage space. But even a conventional coach can expand its transport capacity if it is combined with a trailer.
International manufacturer of buses
DAF (DAF SB 2305 coach, DAF B 96 city bus, etc.); Daimler (minibus Mercedes-Benz Sprinter, Vito; intercity bus Mercedes-Benz O 405; coach Mercedes-Benz Travego; city bus Mercedes-Benz Citaro, etc.); Eos (coach Eos Coach and others); Fiat (Fiat Ducato and others minibus); Irizar (Irizar Century coach and others); Isuzu (Isuzu Harmony, Turquoise, etc. coach); Iveco (Kombibus Iveco Daily; minibus Iveco A 45; intercity bus Iveco Midway; coach Iveco Eurorider, Euroclass; city bus Iveco 590 E etc.); MAN (articulated bus MAN NG272; intercity bus MAN SL200; coach MAN S321, city bus MAN A12, NL202, etc.); Neoplan (Neoplan Jetliner, Cityliner coach; Neoplan N 4021 articulated bus; Neoplan N 316 city bus; Neoplan N 122 double-decker, Skyliner, etc.); Renault (intercity bus Renault Tracer; coach Renault Iliade; city bus Renault Agora; minibus Renault Master and others); Scania (Scania L 113 city bus; Scania Eurostar coach, K 113; Coach etc.); Setra (articulated bus Setra SG 215; intercity bus Setra S 213; double-decker Setra S 228; city bus Setra S 319 and others); VW (VW Crafter minibus, VW Transporter, etc.); Van Hool (coach Van Hool Astron, Altano; articulated bus Van Hool AG 300; double decker Van Hool Astromega); Volvo (city bus Volvo B 10L; intercity bus Volvo SBL 12; articulated bus Volvo B 7LA; coach Volvo B 10M etc.); Viseon (Viseon C10 coach etc.).
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