Did Charlemagne commit genocide against pagan Saxons?

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2019: The "Brexit"
Although around 52% of voters had already voted for the United Kingdom to leave the EU in a referendum in 2016, the exit date had to be until 2019 ...
June 2018: Summit in Singapore
The meeting of US President Donald Trump and North Korean head of state Kim Jong-un on June 12, 2018 saw the first time since North Korea was founded in 1948 ...
October 2018: Protest movement of the "yellow vests"
Named after the activists' yellow safety vests, the protest movement (French: "les gilets jaunes") first appeared in October 2018. Around ...
2017: The Catalonia crisis
The conflict was triggered by a (unilateral) independence referendum on October 1, 2017, after the Spanish government under Prime Minister Rajoy had previously ...
2017: Condemnation of the "butcher of the Balkans"
Ratko Mladic, who is responsible for the genocide in Srebrenica, was charged by the UN war crimes tribunal for genocide, war crimes and crimes against ...
2016: Data leak: The Panama Papers
Due to a data leak, confidential data and documents of the Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca became public, suspecting a number of criminal offenses ...
2016: US election campaign
On the Republican side, Donald Trump prevailed against all internal party competitors - he became a presidential candidate at the party congress on July 19, 2016 ...
2015: civil war in Syria
Following the example of the “Arab Spring”, Syrian students demonstrated against the authoritarian regime of Bashar al Assad. They have been arrested and tortured. The conflict...
2015: the year of the terrorist attacks in France
On January 7th, 2015 there was a bomb attack on the editorship of the satire magazine "Charlie Hebdo" in Paris, on January 9th there was a hostage-taking and an attack on a ...
2015: The Greek financial crisis
In order to avert the impending national bankruptcy, Greece was created by member countries of the euro zone (such as Germany in particular), the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the ...
2014: The Ukraine crisis and the annexation of Crimea
After the suspension of an association agreement with the EU by the Ukrainian government under President Viktor Yanukovych, protests from the ...
2014: Presidential election in Turkey
Recep Tayyip Erdogan was elected 12th Turkish President in the presidential election in Turkey. The former Lord Mayor of Istanbul (from 1994 to ...
2013: Pope Benedict XVI. step back
On February 11, 2013, Pope Benedict XVI waived. as the first Pope to take office for over 700 years. Pope Benedict XVI said he was "certain that my ...
2011: Fukushima nuclear disaster
On March 11, 2011, a series of serious accidents occurred at the Japanese Fukushima nuclear power plant in Japan as a result of a tsunami. The amounts of radioactive material released ...
2010: Attacks on the Moscow Metro
On March 29, 2010, bomb attacks were carried out in two stations of the Moscow Metro. 39 people died and more than 100 other people were injured, some seriously. The...
2011: Arab Spring
The year 2011 was marked by the outbreak of the so-called “Arab Spring”, which, starting in Tunisia, led to the overthrow of several authoritarian governments in the Middle East. ...
2008: New US President Barack Obama
In 2008, Barack Obama (Democratic Party) became the first African American to be elected President of the United States. With his election victory, Obama had opposed Republican John McCain ...
2006: President Aljaksandr Lukashenka
On March 20, 2006, Aljaksandr Lukashenka, incumbent since 1994, won the presidential election in Belarus. Despite massive threats from the government, thousands demonstrated ...
2006: President Aljaksandr Lukashenka
On March 20, 2006, Aljaksandr Lukashenka, incumbent since 1994, won the presidential election in Belarus. Despite massive threats from the government, thousands demonstrated ...
2005: Youth riots in France
For weeks suburbs in France were rocked by youth riots. Cars, schools and kindergartens were set on fire, a state of emergency was declared and ...
2004: tsunami
On December 26, 2004, a severe earthquake with a magnitude of 9.1 occurred in the Indian Ocean - the subsequent tidal wave devastated the coastal areas of India, Sri Lanka, ...
2003: The Columbia space shuttle crashed
On February 1, 2003, the Columbia space shuttle broke upon re-entry into the earth's atmosphere. All seven crew members were killed.
Terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001
On September 11, 2001, suicide bombers from the Islamist terrorist organization Al-Qaeda hijacked three airliners and steered them into the towers of New York's World ...
1998: Good Friday Agreement in the Northern Ireland Conflict
On April 10, 1998, the so-called Good Friday Agreement was signed, an agreement between the Government of the Republic of Ireland, the Government ...
1997: Lady Diana died in a car accident
In the autumn of 1997, Princess Diana, the first wife of the British heir to the throne, Prince Charles, died in a car accident in a Parisian road tunnel. According to the media, three ...
1996: Dolly the clone sheep
On July 5, 1996, Dolly the sheep was born as the first mammal to be cloned from an adult cell. In the previously cloned mammals, there were only embryonic cells ...
July 1995: The Srebrenica massacre
Approximately 8,000 people were killed in the Srebrenica area in July 1995 during the war events in the former Yugoslavia. The massacre of July 1995 is considered to be the worst ...
1994: Nelson Mandela is elected first black president
In 1994 Nelson Mandela, the President of the ANC (African National Congress), was elected South Africa's first black President. He was only released from prison in 1990 after 27 years ...
1993: Bomb attack on the World Trade Center in New York City
On February 26, 1993, the World Trade Center was bombed in New York City, injuring over 1,000 people and killing six. ...
1993: The end of Czechoslovakia
On November 25, 1992, a law to dissolve the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic was passed. Since January 1, 1993, the Czech Republic and Slovakia have been ...
1991: disintegration of Yugoslavia
Slovenia and Croatia were the first constituent republics to declare their independence from Yugoslavia on June 25, 1991; a series of wars were the result up to ...
1990: Nobel Peace Prize for Mikhail Gorbachev
With his policies of glasnost (openness) and perestroika (reconstruction), Mikhail Gorbachev ushered in the end of the Cold War. He was from March 1990 to December 1991 ...
1989: Fall of the Berlin Wall
After 28 years of existence, the Berlin Wall fell on the night of Thursday 9 November to Friday 10 November 1989.
1986: Chernobyl nuclear reactor disaster
On April 26, 1986, the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in Ukraine exploded while simulating a power failure. At least 10,000 people died from the ...
1981: AIDS is recognized as an independent disease
On December 1, 1981, AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, English for "acquired immune deficiency syndrome") was recognized as an independent disease.
1980: Beginning of the first Gulf War
The first Gulf War began in 1980, triggered by an attack by Iraq under Saddam Hussein on Iran under Ayatollah Khomeini. It ended after eight years with a ...
1975: End of the Vietnam War
After twenty years, the war between South and North Vietnam came to an end. The US had South Vietnam, the People's Republic of China, and the Soviet Union the communist ...
1974: The Watergate Affair
As the first President of the United States, Richard M. Nixon was forced to leave the White House mid-term. The Republican had broken into headquarters ...
1970: "The kneeling of Warsaw"
With the "kneeling of Warsaw" on December 7, 1970, Willy Brandt, former Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany, asked - on behalf of Germany - for forgiveness for the ...
1969: First moon landing - Apollo 11
On July 21, 1969, Neil A. Armstrong became the first person to walk on the moon. It is estimated that 500 to 600 million people worldwide watched it on TV. "That's one small step for a ...
1968: The "Prague Spring"
In August 1968, the democratic reforms in the CSSR under party leader Alexander Dubcek, who tried to give communism a "human face", were ...
1964: Nobel Peace Prize for Martin Luther King
Martin Luther King Jr. (Born January 15, 1929 in Atlanta as Michael King Jr.; † April 4, 1968 in Memphis, Tennessee) was the ...
1963: Assassination attempt on John F. Kennedy
On November 22, 1963, John F. Kennedy was shot dead while driving an open car through downtown Dallas while on a campaign trip to Texas.
1962: Cuban Missile Crisis
In 1962 the superpowers and the world were on the brink of a new world war in the Cuban Missile Crisis. After the US deployed Jupiter and Thor medium-range missiles in Turkey ...
1961: Contergan scandal
Contergan was a drug that came onto the market in Austria (as Softenon) in 1958 and, taken by pregnant women, caused severe, severe malformations (dysmelia) ...
1961: The first manned space flight
The first manned space flight in history started on April 12, 1961 with the spaceship Vostok 1. On board was the Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagrin, who was the first person to ...
1961: Construction of the Berlin Wall
The Berlin Wall was built on August 13, 1961. As a hermetically sealed border system, it existed for 28 years and sealed the separation of the GDR from the FRG. To the...
1959: Che Guevara
Che Guevara was a central leader (Comandante) of the rebel army of the Cuban Revolution from 1956 to 1959 and is its most important symbolic figure alongside Fidel Castro. A...
1957: The European Economic Community and Atomic Community
On March 25, 1957, the European Economic Community was founded with the signing of the Treaty of Rome by Belgium, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the ...
1957: The "Sputnik shock"
The era of space travel in the Soviet Union began in 1957 with the Sputnik satellite, triggering what is known as the Sputnik shock in the West - the fear of a technological ...
1956: Hungarian uprising
The Hungarian popular uprising in 1956 was directed against the communist government and the Soviet occupying power. As a result, a mass exodus began over the ...
1955: The first successful kidney transplant
On December 23, 1955, surgeon Joseph Edward Murray and his team performed the first successful kidney transplant in a five and a half hour operation in Boston ...
1955: Polio vaccine
On April 12, 1955, the Salk vaccine (named after the doctor and immunologist Jonas Salk) against polio was successfully tested in the USA. In 1961 Albert Sabin developed ...
Stars of the 50s
Among the cult figures of the 50s were James Dean and Marlon Brando, who with their appearance of the "youngsters" were role models for the youth of the post-war period. Marylin ...
1953: Double helix structure of DNA
The structure of DNA was first discussed in 1953 by the American James Watson and the British Francis Crick in their famous article "Molecular Structure of Nucleic ...
1950: outbreak of the Korean War
In the Korean War, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (North Korea) fought with military support from the People's Republic of China against the Republic of Korea (South Korea), which was ...
1900-1949: Cold War
After the end of World War II, the differences between the former allies - the USA and the Soviet Union - worsened. An era known as the "Cold War" ...
1945: Atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
On August 6 and 9, 1945, the US atomic bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
1944: Allied invasion
On June 6, 1944, Allied troops landed in Normandy - 150,000 soldiers with 1200 warships, supported by 7,500 fighter planes. The rush for Adolf's ...
1939: The "Hitler-Stalin Pact"
On August 23, 1939, the "Hitler-Stalin Pact" was signed, a non-aggression pact between the German Reich under Adolf Hitler and the Soviet Union under Josef Stalin. Both...
1939: Invasion of Poland and outbreak of World War II
On September 1, 1939, Nazi Germany attacked Poland and triggered World War II (from 1939 to 1945). This second global war of all ...
1938: The nuclear fission of uranium
At the end of 1938, the German chemist and pioneer of radiochemistry, the "father of nuclear chemistry" Otto Hahn discovered the fission of uranium. In 1945 he was awarded the ...
1933: Hitler in power
On January 30, 1933, after the rise of the NSDAP, Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of a coalition government by Reich President Paul von Hindenburg. On March 5th, ...
1930: Gandhi's salt march
The “Salt March” was a non-violent action by “Mahatma” Gandhi, the leader of the Indian independence movement. He wanted the salt monopoly of the British colonial rulers in ...
1929: Black Friday
After unprecedented soaring, the most spectacular stock market crash in history took place on October 25, 1929 on the New York Stock Exchange. The Great Depression, mass impoverishment and ...
1928: Discovery of penicillin
In 1928 Alexander Fleming discovered the germicidal effect of the mold of the genus Penicillium - the basis for the development of penicillin.
1927: Non-stop flight across the Atlantic
The American pilot Charles Augustus Lindbergh made the first non-stop flight from New York to Paris from May 20 to 21, 1927, making the first solo crossing of the ...
1923: Hitler's "March on the Feldherrenhalle"
The National Socialist putsch "March on the Feldherrenhalle" on November 9th and 10th, 1923, led by Adolf Hitler and Erich Ludendorf failed because of the fighting strength of the ...
1917: November Revolution in Russia
On November 7, 1917, under Lenin and Trotsky, the Communist Bolsheviks came to power in St. Petersburg. They overthrew the Kerensky government ...
1916: Battle of Verdun
In 1916, the First World War, which broke out on the basis of alliance agreements and was originally scheduled for half a year, was already in its second year. The people were ...
1913: Blechliesel (Tin Lizzie) on the assembly line
In 1913, the Model T-Auto developed in 1908 dominated the American market. Henry Ford developed the assembly line for its production. He also introduced the "efficiency wage" and ...
1913: Niels Bohr and his atomic model
The Danish physicist Niels Bohr combined the theories of quantum physics by Max Planck and Albert Einstein with the laws of classical physics and created on this ...
1914: sinking of the Titanic
On April 14, 1912, the then most modern passenger ship "Titanic", which was praised as unsinkable, collided with an iceberg on its maiden voyage and sank within two ...
1911: The Triangle Fire
On March 25, 1911, a fire broke out in the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, New York, killing 146 people - mostly underage girls from immigrant families ...
1911: Peak of Antarctic research
The Norwegian polar explorer Roald Amundsen was the first person to reach the summit with four companions on December 14, 1911, ahead of his British rival Robert Falcon Scott ...
1908: Wireless telegraphic connection
In 1909 the German physicist Ferdinand Braun and the Italian Guglielmo Marconi received the Nobel Prize in Physics for their contribution to the development of (wireless) telegraphy ...
1907: Suffragettes for women's voting rights
On February 9, 1907, 3,000 British suffragettes demonstrated in London for the introduction of the right to vote for women, led by Lady Frances Balfour and Lady Millicent ...
1905: Nobel Prize for Robert Koch
In 1905 Robert Koch received the Nobel Prize for his research and discoveries in the field of tuberculosis.
1904: Construction of the Panama Canal
In 1904, construction began on the Panama Canal, an 82 km long artificial waterway that cuts through the Isthmus of Panama and connects the Atlantic with the Pacific ...
1903: Wright brothers powered flight
On December 17, 1903, the American pioneers of aviation, the Wright brothers, carried out what is believed to be the first controlled powered flight.
1903: Discovery of radioactivity
In 1903, the French physicists Marie and Pierre Curie received “in recognition of the extraordinary merit that they have achieved through their joint work on the ...
1900: Max Planck and the quantum theory
In 1900 the German physicist Max Planck presented the "Planck's ray formula". He thus laid the foundation for modern quantum physics and received for his research ...
1897: a diesel engine
In 1897, the German engineer Rudolf Diesel presented the first model of the fully functional internal combustion engine he had developed. Its characteristic is compression ignition ...
1895: discovery of X-rays
On November 8, 1895, the German physicist Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen discovered the X-rays (X-rays) named after him. For his services he received the Nobel Prize in 1901 ...
1890: Bismarck's dismissal
After the death of Wilhelm I, he was succeeded by his grandson Wilhelm II. The conflict between the emperor and the chancellor was sparked primarily by the "social question" ...
1891/92: The "savior of the children"
At a time when almost every second child died of diphtheria, the German serologist and bacteriologist Emil Adolf von Behring (1854–1917) began to work on serum therapy ...
1891: Kinetoscope and Kinetograph
Before cinema was invented, moving pictures were viewed in peep boxes. In 1891-1892, Edison Chief Engineer William Kennedy Laurie Dickson and his team had the ...
1889: The 1889 World's Fair in Paris
After England started "The Great Exposition" at the Crystal Palace in 1851, nations tried to bring each other together with world exhibitions to present the ...
1884: Reich Chancellor Bismarck and social security in Germany
Growing need of the "working classes" and political resistance prompted the German Chancellor Otto von Bismarck to take socio-political measures, for which he in Europe ...
1871: Foundation of the German Empire
After the joint victory of the German states in the Franco-Prussian War and the capture of Paris by German troops, the German Empire was founded. King...
1871–1890: Otto von Bismarck, German Chancellor
The German statesman Otto von Bismarck was Prime Minister of Prussia from 1862 to 1890 - with a brief interruption in 1873 - and from 1867 to 1871 at the same time Federal Chancellor of the ...