When was Mozart born?
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Concerts on Mozart's 265th birthday were broadcast online
Selected concerts and events were broadcast digitally and in top quality from the Mozarteum Salzburg at the end of January. Here you can find the exact program of the Mozart Week in 2021.
Intendant Rolando Villazón and his team of the Mozarteum Foundation had planned the Mozart Week - around Mozart's 265th birthday - with 56 events on eleven days with a lot of optimism. Unfortunately, the current situation did not allow a regular implementation.
Music from selected ensembles
The Mozart Week 2021 around Mozart's 265th birthday, on January 27th, sounded digitally in this special year. Renowned artists, ensembles and orchestras celebrated the celebrations online in abbreviated form and attracted worldwide attention.
The sensation for Mozart's 265th birthday
An unknown Mozart piece was heard for the first time: 94 seconds of new Mozart!
The digital Mozart Week 2021 started on Mozart's 265th birthday with a special concert event and presented an extraordinary discovery with “94 seconds of new Mozart” - a previously unknown Mozart piece. The Allegro in D major KV 626b / 16 will be presented by the artistic director of the Mozart Week Rolando Villazón in conversation with the scientific director of the Mozarteum Foundation Ulrich Leisinger and will be played for the first time as a world premiere by the pianist Seon-Jin Cho in the Great Hall of the Mozarteum. This concert was broadcast on January 27th on the streaming platforms fidelioand DG Stage as well as on medici tvbroadcast. In addition, the premiere video could be followed free of charge on social media. a. on the social channels of the Mozarteum Foundation (Facebook Mozarteum Foundation & Mozart weekand InstagramMozarteum Foundation&Mozart week).
The Mozart autograph was acquired by the Mozarteum Foundation from private ownership before the corona crisis; This is a piano piece that the composer most likely wrote down at the age of 17 in early 1773 at the end of his third trip to Italy or immediately after his return to Salzburg.
Life and History:
Early successes across Europe
Mozart traveled across Europe for almost a third of his life and gave concerts everywhere that were enthusiastically received. Starting with piano pieces and chamber music to the great operas and no less impressive symphonies and masses, the orders got bigger and bigger.
Mozart and Salzburg - a love-hate relationship
Both Mozart's father Leopold and Wolfgang Amadeus himself had a lot of trouble with the archbishops in whose service they were. Some heated arguments even went as far as to kick and ensured that Mozart left his job in 1781 and continued in Vienna. He vented his displeasure in letters and diary entries. For reasons of decency, none of this is quoted here.
Choppy years in Vienna
In 1781 Mozart moved to Vienna, where he had already spent a year as a teenager. He took on commissioned work, gave piano lessons, and earned well. Nevertheless, his lifestyle repeatedly brought him to the subsistence level and he had to borrow money several times. Days full of wine and gambling alternated with equally intensive work phases. In 1782 Mozart married Constanze Weber and had 6 children with her, of which only two grew up.
Ending too early
Towards the end, great successes alternated with bitter times. He achieved his greatest success with the Magic Flute - no longer with the court and the nobility, but with the common people. But only a few weeks later he was bedridden and was no longer able to complete his most important and most impressive work - the Requiem. His student Franz Süssmayr was supposed to finish the work.
There was a lot of speculation about Mozart's death: From poison to syphilis, to genetic diseases to the Frisian fever noted in the death certificate, there is still much room for speculation today.
One of the greatest composers in the world?
Mozart's impact is enormous to this day. The deceased at the age of 35 did not only owe his status as probably the most famous composer in the world to his incredible talent. Constant trying out, practicing, working and, last but not least, his remarkable ability to absorb and retain music were the cornerstones of his success.
Especially in his last years, Mozart created some of the most beautiful pieces in the world with his church music and operas and shaped entire generations of musicians. The question remains what Mozart would have achieved if he had not died so young.
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