What kind of breed is pit bull

The American Pitbull Terrier in the breed portrait

Short profile

  • Race: American pit bull terrier
  • Origin: USA / UK
  • Essence: clownish, stubborn, assertive, affectionate, friendly, obedient, intelligent, loyal, brave
  • Size (height at withers): 45-53 cm (male), 43-50 cm (female)
  • Weight: 16-30 kg (male), 14-27 kg (female)
  • Life expectancy: 8-15 years
  • FCI classification: not acknowledged

1. About the breed

The American Pit Bull Terrier is a misunderstood breed of dog. Although he is affectionate and extremely affectionate, he is essentially viewed as dangerous and aggressive. His bad reputation has followed him over the years, despite proven otherwise. The American Pit Bull Terrier is gentle and kind, but his strength, tenacity, and power have been exploited for illegal activities by unscrupulous people.

In Germany, the American Pit Bull Terrier is on the list of potentially dangerous dogs in thirteen federal states. If you want to buy an American Pitbull Terrier, you should therefore inform yourself beforehand about the applicable regulations and requirements for keeping in the respective state or place of residence. The American Pitbull Terrier is considered a non-category fighting dog in Berlin, Bremen, Hesse, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Rhineland-Palatinate, Schleswig-Holstein, Saxony and Stuttgart. In Baden-Württemberg as a fighting dog of the first category and in Bavaria, Brandenburg, Hamburg and North Rhine-Westphalia as a fighting dog of the second category.

2. Origin and history

This breed of dog is descended from bulldogs and Molosser dogs, which were used to catch large game (e.g., wild boar), as well as some of the most vicious terriers, used to hunt dangerous game (e.g., foxes and badgers) were. Today's American Pitbull Terrier, or Pitbull for short, emerged about 200 years ago from the breeding of a dog type in the USA and England. As agriculture prevailed and hunting became more of a sport, these bulldogs, Molossians and terriers were unleashed as blood sports competitors on bears and bulls among one another.

Most animal fights were banned in 1835, including chasing dogs against bears and bulls and against each other. But while the era of blood sports was finally over, another took its place - dog fighting. Unlike in the bear and bull ring, where size and strength were important, in the dog pits it was bite, perseverance and survival instinct that ultimately determined whether a dog would survive the next fight. Many of the dog breeds popular today have their origins in the canine battle pits, including the Boston Terrier, Bull Terrier, and of course the American Pit Bull Terrier. The ancestors of today's American Pit Bull Terriers were not known for their size and strength, but their reputation as "Pit Bulls" preceded them and the name stuck. This is how these pit bulls became famous far and wide, especially in areas of the United States where dogfighting was not prohibited. In 1898, the breed was officially recognized as the American Pit Bull Terrier (APBT) by Chauncey Z. Bennet, a dog fighter, breed lover, and founder of the United Kennel Club.

Dog fighting remained legal in the United States for many decades until it was banned in 1976. Even after the ban, dog fights continued underground for a few years. However, thanks to the efforts of law enforcement agencies, the fighting stopped and the American Pit Bull Terrier has taken on a new, positive role in society, serving as a wonderful family companion and hard working dog who also does law enforcement, therapy, and care duties met by people with restricted mobility.

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3. Essence and character

The American Pit Bull Terrier character is one of the best characteristics of the breed. Confident, intelligent, vigilant, attentive, calm, brave and affectionate to their families. Because of their Terrier ancestry and bulldog size, upbringing is a necessary prerequisite for making this breed a positive companion. He is not aggressive towards people.

4. Typical diseases

The American Pit Bull Terrier is generally a healthy breed of dog. Still, you should have him checked for conditions such as hip dysplasia, idiopathic epilepsy, Demodex mange, and eyelid abnormalities. As with all dog breeds, the ears of the American Pit Bull Terrier should be checked regularly for infections and the teeth should be brushed frequently with a toothpaste suitable for dogs.

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5. Care

In addition to regular weekly grooming, an occasional bath will ensure that the American Pit Bull Terrier stays clean and looks good. Your strong, fast-growing nails should be trimmed regularly with a nail clipper or grinder to prevent overgrowth, splitting, and tearing. The ears should be checked regularly to prevent wax buildup and debris that can lead to infection. The teeth should be brushed regularly.

6. fur

The short coat of the American Pitbull Terrier is easy to groom. You should brush your American Pitbull Terrier a few times a week and bathe or shampoo dry as needed. This breed of dog has an average coat change.

7. Lining

The American Pitbull Terrier should be fed a good quality dog ​​food. He should always get clean, fresh water.

When it comes to nutrition, attention should be paid to the age of the dog and the amount of food should be adjusted accordingly (puppy, adult or senior). Some dogs are prone to obesity, so watch your dog's calorie consumption and weight.

8. Posture and movement

Your American Pitbull Terrier loves to play outside and to take walks several times a day. Movement can also take the form of indoor activities such as walking. B. Playing hide and seek, chasing a ball or learning new tricks. Outdoor activities such as swimming, hiking, and catching balls or throwing discs can be good for energy depletion. If your American Pit Bull Terrier lives in an apartment, short laps in the hallways can give your dog some exercise, especially in inclement weather. Another option is agility training to give your American Pitbull Terrier exercise.

9. Upbringing

Early puppy training courses are recommended for all dogs, but they are necessary for a breed of dog as strong as an American Pit Bull Terrier. The American Pit Bull Terrier can be dominant and protective. For this reason, early socialization will help the dog develop well.

10. Children and other pets

As long as the American Pit Bull Terrier is properly trained and raised, they get along well with children and are loyal to all family members. It is also important to teach children how to properly handle and treat animals to avoid incidents. Even with well-trained dogs, you should always supervise them when they are playing with children to make sure things don't get out of hand.

The same goes for dealing with other pets. As long as the American Pit Bull Terrier is properly trained, he will usually get along well with other dogs. Playing should be supervised, especially with smaller dogs or pets who are easily injured while playing with the muscular American Pit Bull Terrier.

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