What are the dangers of amoxicillin abuse

Action plan against antibiotic abuse

GENEVA. After long debates on Whit Monday, the member states of the World Health Organization (WHO) agreed on a global action plan for the fight against antibiotic resistance.

The aim is to be able to continue to guarantee effective treatment and prevention of bacterial infections through effective and safe medication, explained the organization.

A corresponding resolution was passed by the responsible committee of the World Health Assembly currently meeting in Geneva, the highest decision-making body of the WHO. It still has to be approved in plenary at the end of the conference on Tuesday, but this is considered likely.

The call is being made to the 194 member states to translate the goals of the action plan into national strategies against antibiotic resistance within two years.

According to the WHO, around 700,000 people die every year as a result of antibiotic resistance, in Germany it is at least 10,000.

Better hygiene measures required

Among other things, the action plan calls for better hygiene measures in hospitals in order to prevent infections with resistant and therefore life-threatening germs.

The risk of resistance should also be treated as a central issue in the training of doctors and farmers. In human medicine and in animal husbandry, antibiotics are often prescribed without a clear diagnosis, and in many places such drugs are available without a prescription, criticize WHO experts. It is not uncommon for them to be abused as growth promoters in livestock farms.

Some countries do have guidelines that regulate the use of antimicrobial substances. However, these are sometimes inadequate and are often barely enforced, explained the WHO.

She also complains that the pharmaceutical industry is investing less in the development of new antibiotics than in drugs that promise higher profits.

This is a "serious market failure" that the states have to correct.

Public-private partnerships for research funding and the development of alternative therapy methods and better diagnostics would offer opportunities for this.

The plan also aims to ensure that antibiotics remain or become affordable for developing countries and receive this financial and technical support. It is also necessary to monitor the spread of multi-resistant germs more effectively and in a more coordinated manner.

The German government passed the new German Antibiotic Resistance Strategy (DART 2020) on May 13th. In this way, she wants to act more sharply against the misuse of antibiotics and the spread of dangerous germs - nationally and internationally. (dpa)