Winston Churchill had anti-Semitic views

Culture : British Debate: Was Churchill Anti-Semite?

British historians argue about war hero Winston Churchill. Did the “Greatest Briton of All Time” - the title awarded to him by BBC viewers in 2002 - once represented anti-Semitic views? Richard Toye from Cambridge University found an article in the Churchill archive that the later war premier had offered to the American magazine "Liberty" in 1937. The Jews are "partly responsible for the hostility from which they suffer," it says. The “viciousness of their persecutors” is not the only reason for the bad treatment of the Jews over the centuries. Under the heading “How the Jews can defend themselves against persecution”, Jewish citizens are criticized for placing themselves outside of society. Instead, they would have to integrate more closely.

"Churchill can therefore certainly not be considered an anti-Semite in principle," Richard Toye told the Tagesspiegel yesterday. The article throws light on his contradicting attitude. And also how many people thought about this topic at the time. Churchill biographer Martin Gilbert held Toye in the Sunday newspaper "Observer" that the text was not written by Churchill himself, but by a ghostwriter who was close to the English fascists. Churchill had a different idea of ​​the subject and stopped publication.

"Churchill offered the text himself," Toye said yesterday. “He had no problem writing his name over it. Many politicians employ ghostwriters, and the texts are still considered their own. ”According to Toye,“ Liberty ”was not allowed to print the article because the magazine“ Collier’s ”claimed exclusive rights to Churchill’s texts. Churchill then offered it to the British newspaper Strand, which did not want the text because ex-prime minister David Lloyd George had published a similar article there shortly before.

In early 1940, the "Sunday Dispatch" planned to print the text as part of a Churchill series after it had searched through a number of manuscripts. According to Richard Toye, Churchill refused this time. The Second World War had begun and the political climate had changed. Soon after, Winston Churchill became Prime Minister and went down in history as a war hero.

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