What are tornadoes in mythology

Cyclones : The difference between hurricane, typhoon, cyclone and tornado

Huricán. This is how the Maya called the god of wind. He was one of the creator deities, but also brought storms and floods, according to tradition. Derived from the mythology of this ancient culture, tropical cyclones in the North Atlantic and North-East Pacific are now called hurricanes or hurricanes.

Such a storm has just raged in Florida. "Irma" follows after only two weeks "Harvey", who wreaked havoc in Texas. Meteorologists refer to such cyclones as tropical hurricaneswhen they reach wind speeds of more than 118 kilometers per hour. In the case of weaker winds with speeds of 62 to 117 kilometers per hour, one speaks of tropical storms.

The Mayan word hurricane The experts from the German Weather Service (DWD) save themselves for hurricanes "in the countries bordering the North Atlantic, including the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea as well as the Northeast Pacific".

The difference between hurricane, typhoon and cyclone

These storms usually arise between June and November from accumulations of thunderclouds over the North African mainland, which move across the Atlantic to the Caribbean. Also Typhoons are hurricanes, but are only called that in the North-West Pacific.

In the southern hemisphere and in the Indian region, the hurricanes are called cyclone. Whether typhoon, hurricane or cyclone - tropical hurricanes can only occur in certain regions of the world: where the sun heats the sea water to more than 27 degrees Celsius and warm, humid air rises. In addition, the earth's rotation, the Coriolis force, must have a certain strength. It sets the rising warm air and the incoming cold air in the typical circular motion.

The Coriolis force is zero near the equator, so there are no hurricanes here. Tornadoes are not to be confused with hurricanes, typhoons and cyclones. These “large turbulences” are not created by warm, but cold air and, with a diameter of only a hundred to a thousand meters, are much smaller than tropical hurricanes, which can cover hundreds of kilometers. Melanie Berger

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