What diseases kill Indonesians the most

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Current

The spread of COVID-19 continues to lead to restrictions in international air and travel traffic and impairment of public life.

Before unnecessary, tourist trips to Indonesiais currently being warned.

Epidemiological situation

Indonesia is still classified as a risk area. The World Health Organization (WHO) provides current and detailed figures.

entry

Tourists are not allowed to enter Indonesia until further notice.

The entry ban for foreign nationals to Indonesia continues to exist. However, there are exceptions for certain travel purposes, which are listed on the Indonesian Immigration website. An electronic visa for Indonesia can be applied for for these travel purposes. This e-Visa must be available prior to entry; Visa-free entry and visa-on-arrival are currently not possible.

Upon arrival, travelers must present a health certificate from the country of departure in English, which must contain a negative PCR test that is not more than 72 hours old at the time of departure and the absence of symptoms of illness. After entering the country, a new, chargeable PCR test is mandatory. If the test result is negative, a five-day hotel quarantine is carried out in a hotel specified by the Indonesian government at your own expense. At the end of the five-day quarantine, travelers have to undergo another paid test. If the test result is positive, you will be referred to a hospital at your own expense. Travelers arriving from abroad with or without a valid PCR test will be re-tested on site and must go to a hotel specified by the Indonesian authorities at their own expense until the (negative) test result is available. It is not possible to wait for the test result in house quarantine. Following the five-day hotel quarantine, a fourteen-day home quarantine must be observed.

Upon entry at the airport, registration in the Indonesian “Health Portal” is required, which should be done using an “eHAC” app. In individual cases, however, filling out a form provided in paper form is also accepted.

Transit and onward travel

Entry for transit purposes is still not possible.

No official health certificate or PCR test is currently required to leave Indonesia. However, most airlines require a negative PCR test to be presented upon departure.

Travel connections

There may be restrictions on regular international commercial air traffic to and from Europe. Ferry traffic may also be subject to restrictions. Information is available from the relevant airlines and transport companies.

Restrictions in the country

There are significant restrictions on domestic travel by sea, land and air. Until further notice, a negative rapid test (antigen test) or, depending on the destination, a negative PCR test is required for inner-Indonesian travel (including land and waterways). The latter currently applies to Bali. For a PCR test, the test result must not be older than 72 hours, and for an antigen test, it must not be older than 48 hours. The validity and continuation of the quarantine and other legal infection measures and regulations for movements within the country is handled very differently in the provinces, cities, urban and residential districts and is subject to constant changes.

From May 6th to May 17th, 2021 inclusive, travel within Indonesia is strictly prohibited. Exceptions (e.g. death of a close relative) are very narrow.

Between April 22, 2021 and May 24, 2021 inclusive, a PCR or antigen test result must be presented at the start of the journey, which must not be older than 24 hours.

Currently, travelers must expect to be obliged to quarantine in Indonesian hospitals or quarantine centers during their stay, in individual cases even without any signs of possible infection. The decision-making criteria for the sometimes drastic quarantine measures (cordoning off the common area, no internet access, collective accommodation of suspected cases with infectious patients) or for further diagnostics and therapy are often unclear. The medical facilities provided for the quarantine measures do not meet European standards. There have been reports from state and private hospitals that no longer treat emergency patients due to capacity reasons or requirements to protect against infection. Adequate emergency medical care in Indonesia is therefore not guaranteed.

Hygiene rules

Mouth and nose protection is mandatory in public. Distance rules of 1.5 m to other people apply.

  • Make sure you comply with the AHA regulations and also follow the instructions from local authorities. High fines can be imposed if the hygiene regulations are violated.
  • Find out about detailed measures and additional information from the Indonesian government.
  • Find out about the medical requirements for entering Indonesia from abroad at the responsible Indonesian diplomatic mission in your country of departure. Find out more about the German embassy in Jakarta if you are still in Indonesia as a tourist.
  • Stays in foreign countries can currently affect the possibility of entering other countries. Therefore, find out about the current regulations on entry, transit and quarantine in the respective travel countries via the travel and safety information before starting any trip.
  • When you return to Germany, note the valid entry restrictions such as registration, test and quarantine regulations, inquire about the current conditions of carriage at the relevant company or your tour operator, if necessary, and contact the health department of your place of residence or residence if you are entering from a risk area . Further information is available in our continuously updated info box on COVID-19 / Coronavirus.

security

It is currently not advisable to travel to the provinces of Papua and West Papua that are not strictly necessary.

terrorism

In the past, isolated attacks were carried out, particularly in the capital Jakarta, and in mid-May 2018 in Surabaya and Sidoarjo in eastern Java. The Indonesian security forces are taking decisive action against terrorism. However, there is still an increased risk of terrorist attacks across Indonesia. International hotels, shopping centers, discos, airfields, Christian churches and western or non-Muslim establishments, especially in metropolitan areas such as Jakarta, Bandung, Medan, Makassar and Surabaya as well as on the island of Bali, are particularly at risk of attack.

There are cases of piracy in the waters of Lake Celebes between Indonesia, Malaysia and the Philippines, as well as in the Malacca Strait and in the South China Sea (around the Natuna archipelago).
There is a risk of kidnappings, especially on remote islands in the border areas of East Kalimantan with Malaysia and the Philippines as well as North Sulawesi.

  • Be especially in lively places and on special occasions (during the fasting month of Ramadan, on the subsequent holidays such as Independence Day on August 17th, on Christian holidays such as Easter or Christmas, but also on the Balinese New Year Nyepi and the Chinese New Year, as well as in the vicinity Pay particular attention to important political events such as elections.
  • Do not undertake individual excursions in the waters and islands mentioned, only organized and accompanied excursions.
  • Find out about the local media.
  • Avoid large gatherings of people.
  • Follow the instructions of local security guards.
  • Please note the worldwide safety information.

Domestic situation

In the provincial capital Ambon, located on the Moluccas, and in central Sulawesi around the city of Poso, there have been riots in the past due to ethnic and religious tensions with dead and injured. The situation has stabilized in both regions; However, caution is recommended when traveling to these regions.

For Papua and West Papua, special police regulations and restrictions apply to entry and residence for non-tourist stays. The last time there were clashes between demonstrators and security forces, some of which were violent, occurred in August and September 2019, and the Internet was temporarily blocked in both provinces.

There may also be demonstrations in the rest of the country, and especially in the capital Jakarta, during which violent clashes and traffic disruptions cannot be ruled out.

  • Avoid essential travel to the provinces of Papua and West Papua.
  • Find out about the local media.
  • Avoid demonstrations and large crowds in large areas.
  • Follow the instructions of local security guards.

crime

Indonesia is one of the countries with the strictest drug laws in the world. Offenses against the Narcotics Act are severely punished for even the smallest amounts and every type of drug, see Criminal law. Caution should be exercised when taking non-prescription medication and items for other people with you.

Small crimes such as pickpockets, but also armed robberies, theft of handbags and smartphones in public transport, in busy places and in cafes and restaurants in popular tourist locations and by motorcyclists such as Bali and Lombok as well as forced cash withdrawals from ATMs occur regularly.

In the capital Jakarta, women traveling alone are at risk of being robbed. Taxis should only be taken from Bluebird, Silverbird or Express or ordered by telephone.

Occasional knockout drops and credit card fraud are also used.
In Bali, as in many other places, gangs of cheating lure travelers into prohibited, manipulated games of chance.
The police are often unwilling to take complaints.

  • Avoid all contact with drugs and unknown substances.
  • Keep your money, ID, driver's license, air tickets and other important documents safe.
  • Prefer cashless payments and only take the cash you need for the day and no unnecessary valuables.
  • Pay attention to your surroundings, especially when driving with rental vehicles, stop only in places that appear safe and keep windows and doors closed when driving.
  • Be particularly vigilant in large crowds such as at airports, train stations and on public transport and watch out for your valuables.
  • Never leave drinks unattended and never leave your credit card out of your sight during the payment process.
  • Be skeptical of unfamiliar e-mails, profit notifications, offers and requests for help from alleged acquaintances. Do not disclose any data about yourself; if necessary, make sure yourself personally or contact the police.

Nature and climate

Earthquakes and tsunamis

Indonesia is located in a seismically very active zone, the Pacific Ring of Fire, so that volcanic activity, earthquakes and seaquakes can often occur and tsunamis can also be triggered.
In December 2004, a severe seaquake off the island of Sumatra triggered a tidal wave that killed hundreds of thousands.

At the end of July and August 2018, several earthquakes, some of them severe, shook the north of the holiday island of Lombok and Sumbawa in particular. At the end of September 2018, several earthquakes occurred on the Minahasa Peninsula, Sulawesi. A tidal wave was triggered that led to floods in the provincial capital Palu and the surrounding area. The restoration of the infrastructure will take a long time. Medical care is only possible to a very limited extent.

Volcanoes

Several volcanoes in different parts of the country show increased activity. It is generally recommended to avoid large areas of the respective danger zones and to inquire about the current risk levels in advance. Disruptions in air traffic up to the closure of airports must be expected at all times in the event of increased volcanic activity.

Currently, the second highest risk level 3 is available for two volcanoes (Sinabung volcanoes in North Sumatra and Karangetang north of Sulawesi) and risk level 2 for 20 other volcanoes in Indonesia.

After a landslide at the end of December 2018 under the still active volcano Anak Krakatau, which caused a tsunami on the beaches of the Sunda Strait in Pandeglang, Serang and Süd-Lampung, a restricted zone within a radius of 2 kilometers is still set.

Since the end of November 2017, the Agung volcano on the island of Bali has been increasingly active, for which hazard level 2 and a restricted zone of 2 km around the crater has been in effect since July 2020. Since the beginning of October 2018, a restricted zone within a radius of 1.5 km has also applied around the Soputan volcano on Sulawesi, and hazard level 2.

Since February 2019, the Bromo volcano in the Bromo-Tengger-Semeru National Park (currently closed due to Covid-19) on the island of Java has been showing increased activity, so that a - still existing - exclusion zone of one kilometer has been set up. The possibility of increased activities continues to exist at the Merapi volcanoes in the Yogyakarta region on the island of Java. The Rinjani volcano is closed to hikers during the rainy season from November to April each year.

Floods

The climate is tropical and humid.
Large parts of the country are particularly affected by heavy rain, floods and landslides during the rainy season, which usually lasts from November to March, which can lead to persistent flooding and considerable disruption to traffic. Power, telephone and internet connections can also be significantly affected.

Forest fires

During the dry season, especially on the islands of Sumatra and Kalimantan (Borneo), there are repeated forest fires, which regularly cause harmful air pollution.

Travel info

Infrastructure / traffic

Traffic routes may be impaired due to measures related to COVID-19 containment, see Current.

The transport infrastructure in Indonesia does not correspond to European standards. Road, sea and air traffic are prone to accidents. Traffic routes are additionally impaired in many parts of the country after natural disasters and increasing problems with flooding in the rainy season. It is not uncommon for fatal accidents involving foreigners.

The safety precautions in shipping and ferry traffic do not correspond to European standards. Particular caution is advised when choosing the means of transport between Indonesian islands.

There is left-hand traffic. There are hardly any highways.
Vehicles should only be rented from reputable companies and with a driver. Due to the risk of accidents and theft, sufficient comprehensive insurance and liability insurance should be ensured. We do not recommend renting motorcycles (motorcycles and scooters) or making cross-country trips at night. Because of the unfamiliar traffic situation for foreigners, motorcycle accidents occur frequently, especially in Bali and Lombok.

Trekking tours, mountain climbing and dives should be carried out with guides who are knowledgeable about the area and whose reliability can be considered certain by recommendation from the hotel or travel agency.

Driver's license

The international driving license is required and is only valid in conjunction with the national German driving license.

Special rules of conduct / Ramadan

With the exception of Bali, Indonesia is a predominantly Islamic country. The general rules of conduct that apply to travelers (especially women) to Islamic countries should therefore be observed in rural areas of Indonesia, except in Bali.

During the fasting month of Ramadan, there are restrictions in everyday life in Islamic parts of the country (e.g. during the day restaurants outside the hotels are closed, reduced working hours at the authorities) and increased sensitivity in religious matters and with regard to adherence to Islamic traditions. Even if the fasting rules only apply to Muslims, non-Muslims should also be careful not to offend any religious feelings. It is therefore recommended that you refrain from eating, drinking and smoking in public during the day.During this time, women should pay more attention to long-sleeved clothing that is as discreet as possible, and men should avoid wearing short casual clothing in particular.

LGBTIQ

With the exception of Aceh Province, homosexuality is not banned in Indonesia, but there are repeated prosecutions of operators and guests of LGBTIQ facilities and events based on anti-pornography legislation. For more information on the criminal liability of sexual acts, see Criminal law.

Even in provinces where sexual acts by same-sex people are not punishable, these are barely tolerated by society. In the capital Jakarta and Bali, acceptance is higher than in rural areas.
The strengthening of religious-conservative forces in some parts of the country has led to a decline in tolerance towards social minorities. Sexual minorities can be particularly affected by this.

Legal specifics

Indonesia is one of the countries with the strictest drug laws in the world. Possession of even the smallest amount of drugs often leads to long imprisonment sentences up to the death penalty, which is also carried out on foreigners. It is therefore urgently warned against the acquisition, possession, distribution, import and export of drugs.

Medicines for personal use, especially if they contain narcotics, such as methadone, or psychotropic drugs can be classified as drugs without proof of the prescription corresponding to the amount and lead to corresponding consequences.

Taking along or transporting objects for third parties without knowledge of their contents can also have disastrous consequences.

Sexual abuse of children is a criminal offense and is also punishable under German law if these acts are committed by Germans abroad.

Sharia law is applied in Aceh, so that in addition to homosexual relationships, gambling, alcohol consumption and extramarital sex are punishable by flogging, including for travelers.

Indonesian judicial and preliminary proceedings do not comply with German constitutional standards. If there is suspicion of violations of Indonesian laws, long pre-trial detention, expensive but sometimes inadequate legal defense as well as unhealthy detention conditions can be expected. Even if minor offenses are suspected, such as B. Property damage, foreigners, especially in Bali, are often taken into custody by the Indonesian police.

Due to the autonomous status of Aceh Province, the criminal law there differs from the rest of Indonesia. Through the introduction of individual elements of Islamic criminal law, acts such as gambling, alcohol consumption, extramarital sex or homosexual relationships are punishable. These penal provisions are also applied to non-Muslims. The potential penalty could include drastic physical measures (public flogging).

Money / credit cards

The local currency is the rupiah (IDR). Payment with credit cards is widespread. Due to cases of abuse, the credit card should never be lost sight of and insisted on being present during the payment process. Cash can be withdrawn in many places with bank and major credit cards. We recommend that you take cash with you for more remote areas.

Entry and customs

Entry and transit regulations may currently differ due to measures to contain COVID-19, see Current.

Entry and import regulations for German citizens can change at short notice without notifying the Foreign Office beforehand. You can only obtain legally binding information and / or information that goes beyond this information on the entry and customs regulations for importing goods directly from the representatives of your destination country.
You can find the customs regulations for Germany on the website of the German customs and via the “Customs and Travel” app or you can inquire about them by telephone.

Travel documents

Entry is possible for German citizens with the following documents:

  • Passport: Yes
  • Temporary passport: Yes, with a visa issued before entry
  • Identity card: No
  • Provisional identity card: No
  • Children's passport: Yes

Comments / minimum remaining validity:
Travel documents must be valid for at least six months at the time of entry.

Passports that have been reported lost or stolen cannot be used for entry. The Indonesian border authorities have recently refused entry to German nationals in such cases. If a passport that has been reported as lost or stolen is found and the issuing authority is informed, it may take some time for the wanted report to be deleted from the database of the Indonesian border authorities.

It is not possible for the Jakarta Embassy to influence the Indonesian authorities to allow entry in the event of a refusal to enter the country.

visa

Please note that the entry requirements are currently subject to frequent changes by the Indonesian government due to pandemics. This also applies to applying for and issuing electronic visas for Indonesia. Whether entry is currently possible to the knowledge of the German Embassy Jakarta is listed under "News".

The following are the visa requirements prior to the outbreak of the pandemic.

With the passport or the children's passport, depending on the purpose, travel route and length of stay in Indonesia, German citizens can either

  • enter without a visa,
  • receive a "Visa on Arrival" upon entry, or
  • apply for a visa at the responsible diplomatic mission of the Republic of Indonesia before entering the country.

While visa regulations for tourists have been relaxed, residence regulations for foreign business people have tightened in certain areas.

Business travelers should note that activities that go beyond mere business discussions may require a work permit. The exact regulations are not published.

Information about the need to apply for a (short-term) work permit can therefore only be provided by the diplomatic missions of the Republic of Indonesia.

Entry without a visa ("Visa free visit")

For stays of up to 30 days for tourist purposes, to visit, to attend seminars or in transit to the airport, German citizens can enter without a visa if a return or onward flight ticket is available. The extension of the visa-free stay beyond 30 days is excluded. The Indonesian authorities no longer tolerate the current practice of leaving the country for a short time (e.g. leaving for Singapore or Kuala Lumpur) and then re-entering the country for up to 30 days without a visa. Rather, this has recently been viewed as a circumvention of the residence law provisions.

For long-term stays, you should therefore apply for a residence permit at the local immigration office in Indonesia in good time.

Visa-free entry and exit is possible via the international airports Soekarno-Hatta (Jakarta) and Ngurah Rai (Denpasar / Bali) as well as many other border crossing points, but not through all border crossing points. Information on this can be obtained from the diplomatic missions of the Republic of Indonesia.

Visa on entry ("on arrival")

Germans who intend to stay in Indonesia for more than 30 days, but not more than 60 days, and are not planning to take up work or permanent residence in Indonesia, can upon presentation of a return or onward flight ticket and for a fee of US $ 35 in Receive a visa valid for 30 days ("Visa on Arrival") in cash upon entry.
A one-time extension of this visa for a further 30 days is possible, costs at least 30 US dollars and must be applied for at least seven working days before the first 30-day visa expires. Every immigration authority (Imigrasi) in Indonesia is responsible. The exact costs and the processing time must be inquired about in good time before the first 30-day visa expires.
It is not possible to obtain a 60 day visa immediately.
A “Visa on Arrival” can be applied for again at any time when leaving and re-entering the country.

Visa before entry

A visa issued prior to entry is required in the following cases:

  • for stays of more than 60 days,
  • for stays with specific purposes (journalism including photo, video and audio journalism, gainful employment or research),
  • for entry with a temporary passport.

The visa can be obtained from any diplomatic mission of the Republic of Indonesia, regardless of residence. The processing time can be several weeks.

Exceeding the permitted length of stay

Criminal fines and imprisonment of up to five years can be imposed if the Indonesian entry regulations are violated. A fine of one million Indonesian rupees (IDR) per person is payable in cash for each day of illegal stay in Indonesia; from 60 days there is a risk of deportation. Journalists who entered the country without the required journalist visa are also arrested and deported.

Airport tax

The airport tax of up to IDR 200,000 per passenger is usually included in the price of the flight ticket. If in doubt, it is recommended to check with the airline to see if this is the case.

Reporting requirement

In principle, there is a reporting requirement for stays of 24 hours or more after entry. When staying in a hotel, nothing needs to be done. Travelers who spend the night in private accommodation should speak to their host so that they can register with the community leader (RT = Rukun Tetangga).

Minors

Regarding the entry of unaccompanied minors to Indonesia, please contact your airline or the embassy or consulates general of the Republic of Indonesia directly.

Import regulations

Indonesia has introduced an obligation to register the International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI) number for travelers. This applies to cell phones and other electronic devices equipped with a SIM card that are to be used in Indonesia. The devices must be registered with the Indonesian customs administration (Bea Cukai) before or upon entry or within 60 days after entry. Registration is limited to two devices per person. Without registration, the use of devices with Indonesian SIM cards will be blocked. When registering the devices, import duties may be due.

The import of cash and means of payment with an equivalent value that exceeds 100 million IDR (currently approx. 6,300 EUR) must be reported to Indonesian customs upon entry. Failure to report or incorrect reports will result in a fine of up to IDR 300 million.

A permit from the Central Bank, Bank Indonesia, is required for the export of cash and means of payment exceeding the equivalent of IDR 100 million.

When importing drugs and psychotropic drugs containing narcotics, it is essential to ensure that these are clearly for your own needs by means of a corresponding prescription with translation, and that the quantities in accordance with the prescription are not prohibited as narcotic drugs in Indonesia, see also Special criminal law regulations. If in doubt, the Indonesian embassy in Berlin should be consulted.

Pets

Regarding the import of pets to Indonesia, please contact your airline or the embassy or consulates general of the Republic of Indonesia directly.

health

Current

The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the disease COVID-19, which is triggered by the novel coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, a pandemic.