Where does Boston Cream Pie come from
Boston - The affluent city on the east coast of the USA
Old next to new, tradition next to modern, historical sights next to imposing skyscrapers. The Athens of America, as Boston in the state of Massachusetts is also called, is not only one of the oldest, but also one of the most interesting cities in the USA and has so much more to offer than the world-famous Harvard University and MIT.
Table of Contents
Boston Numbers, Dates, Facts | Capital of Massachusetts on the Northeast Coast | Weather and Climate in Boston | Population of Boston | In Boston the Democrats dominate | Wealthy city with good medical care | Of particular importance and excellent reputation: the universities in Boston | International airport and good public transport | Boston for tourists | Tickets for attractions and activities | Hotels, Apartments and Vacation Rentals | Boston's cultural offerings | The most beautiful parks in Boston | Boston for kids | Activities in Boston | Events during the year | Worthwhile day trips from Boston | Boston's story
We took a closer look at the city on the northeast coast of the USA for you.
Numbers, dates, facts about Boston
- State: Massachusetts
- county: Suffolk County
- population: 692,600 (estimated 2019), metropolitan area: 4,875,390 (estimated 2018)
- surface: 232.1 square kilometers, of which 125.4 square kilometers are land
- Population density: 5,538 / km2
- founding year: 1630
- Altitude difference: 43 meters
- Time zone: Eastern (UTC -5 / -4)
- Postcodes: 02101-02117
- prefix: +1 617, 857
- mayor: Marty Walsh (Democrats)
- Nicknames: Beantown, The Cradle of Liberty, The Hub of the Universe, City on a Hill, Athens of America
- Official website: https://www.boston.gov
Capital of Massachusetts on the northeast coast
The city on the hill is the capital of the state of Massachusetts and is located in Suffolk County in New England. It is located on the Atlantic Ocean, is surrounded by water and has many lakes in the hinterland. New York City is around three and a half hours from Boston. Montreal is five hours from Montreal. The City on a Hill is located near the 42nd parallel and 71st longitude. "The Cradle of Liberty" ranks 23rd among the largest cities in the USA.
Boston ranks 23rd among the largest cities in the United States. The city is divided into the following neighborhoods: Allston / Brighton, Back Bay, Bay Village, Beacon Hill, Charlestown, Chinatown / Leather District, Dorchester, Downtown / Financial District, East Boston, Fenway / Kenmore, Hyde Park, Jamaica Plain, Mattapan, Mission Hill, North End, Roslindale, Roxbury, South Boston, South End, West End, and West Roxbury.
Beacon Hill and Back Bay are Historic Districts.
tip: Acorn Street is very nice in Beacon Hill!
The Boston-Cambridge-Quincy (Greater Boston) region and Boston Metro are differentiated in the Boston region. The name Metro Boston is reserved for the inner core around the city.
Weather and climate in Boston
The climate in the “cradle of freedom” is typical for port cities in the northern hemisphere. Especially in summer it is quite warm in Boston with average temperatures of around 23 degrees Celsius. In winter, temperatures can easily drop below freezing. The humidity is relatively high, which can make it very humid in summer. The months from June to August have the most hours of sunshine with over nine, with July having the most hours of sunshine. Most of the rainy days are in December, and in general there is significantly more rainfall in winter than in summer.
The months of May and June or September and October, when it rains less and is not quite as hot, are considered the best time to travel. Especially in autumn you can also enjoy the Indian Summer in New England, which is worth the trip in and of itself.
Population of Boston
Slightly over half of the city's population are whites (52.6%), and African-Americans make up about a quarter of Beantown's population. People of Asian descent are represented at around ten percent, while American and Alaskan natives only make up a negligible proportion (0.3%). The largest ethnic group is made up of people of Irish descent at 16 percent, followed by those of Italian ancestry at 8 percent. Six percent of Boston's population is native to the West Indies. Almost 20 percent are Hispanics.
With the many universities of Harvard, MIT, and Tufts, the Boston population is relatively young and educated, averaging 32 years old. In addition, slightly more women than men live there.
Among the religious communities, Christians in the greater Boston area make up the largest proportion with 57 percent. Catholics account for almost 30 percent. People of the Jewish faith are represented with around 10 percent in the village, 4 percent are Muslims. 33 percent of the population does not belong to any religious community.
The Democrats dominate Boston
The state of Massachusetts is firmly in democratic hands and in Boston itself the Democrats dominate. In the last five presidential elections, Boston has always been the Democrats, with 70 percent of the city center and the seaside neighborhoods north of it voting Democrats and 60 percent of the western neighborhoods. In the southern districts of the city on the hill, the democratic government accounted for an average of only 57 percent.
Wealthy city with good medical care
Boston is the cultural, economic and political center of the region. The Boston metropolitan area is one of the top performing economic regions in the world, with the largest employers in the health sector (18.4 percent), education (13.4 percent), science and technology (11.7 percent) and trade (8.4 percent) Percent) are. Well-known companies headquartered in the capital of Massachusetts are Gilette and Teradyne. In addition, many other companies have their headquarters in the city or in the surrounding area.
The residents of the city in New England earn on average significantly more than the national average and the unemployment rate is also relatively low at 3.1 percent. Nonetheless, 20 percent of the population live in poverty. The Heritage on the Garden is considered to be one of the most luxurious residences in the city. The Heritage Boston is in close proximity to Back Bay, Beacon Hill and downtown.
In the city itself there are 32 hospitals with different orientations.
Boston also has some of the best tap water in the country. There are only five cities in the US where water does not need to be filtered to meet Environmental Protection Agency standards. Boston is one of them. The water comes from two reservoirs in the west of the city.
Of particular importance and excellent reputation: the universities in Boston
University education institutions in the Boston and Cambridge area received $ 1.77 million in grants in 2013, more than any other metropolis in the United States. The greater Boston area is home to more than 100 colleges and universities - 250,000 students are enrolled in Boston and Cambridge (Harvard University) alone. However, Boston only has one public university (University of Massachusetts Boston), all others are private. Well known among the educational institutions is the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, or MIT for short, which is not far from Harvard.
International airport and good public transport
With Logan International Airport, Boston has an international airport which, like the port, belongs to the Massachusetts Port Authority. Local public transport is excellently developed through a system of S-Bahn and U-Bahn lines as well as a trolleybus, local omnibus lines and regional express buses. In addition, Boston has two major train stations, South Station and North Station. The South Station is served by Amtrak. The route connects the place with Washington D. C. and New York City, so that trips from Boston by train are also possible.
You can also get from A to B by car in Boston. Interstate 90 connects Boston with the US state of New York and Interstate 95 enables you to travel to Portland in Maine, New York City or Washington. You can travel north to New Hampshire via Interstate 93. The city highways that cut through the city center run through underground tunnels.
The Port of Boston is located in Boston Harbor, a natural harbor basin. The port is now a major cargo port in the northeastern United States. In addition, the harbor basin is of great historical importance. After all, it is the site and center of the famous Boston Tea Party organized by Samuel Adams.
Boston for tourists
Boston is less often considered a travel destination on the east coast behind New York City. Wrongly. Because the city is one of the oldest port cities in the USA and has many great historical buildings, restaurants and green spaces to offer. And what's more, a visit to the city is much cheaper. Many people have also recognized this, in 2005 the city was visited by 17.6 million people from all over the world and tourism also plays an important role economically for the place. Crime has fallen sharply since the 90s, so that Boston can now also be described as quite safe.
The following must-see attractions are not to be missed when visiting Beantown.
Tickets for attractions and activities
Tickets for sights and activities in Boston can be found at www.getyourguide.de.
Cultural sights in Boston
- Freedom Trail: Top of the list of Boston cultural attractions is the Freedom Trail. A four-mile walk along this central trail leads from Boston Common to the State House to the Bunker Hill Monument. The Freedom Trail is marked with a red line on the ground so you can hardly get lost while strolling.
The architecturally and historically interesting stations of the Freedom Trail at a glance:
- Boston Common
- Masschusett's State House
- Park Street Church
- Granary Burying Ground
- King’s Chapel
- King’s Chapel Burying Ground
- Statue of Benjamin Franklin + location of the Boston Latin School
- Old Corner Bookstore
- Old South Meeting House
- Old State House
- Site of the Boston massacre
- Faneuil Hall and Quincy Market
- Paul Revere's home
- Old North Church
- Copp’s Hill Burying Ground
- USS Constitution
- Bunker Hill Monument
Would you like a map to see the route in advance? You can download a map of the Freedom Trail for free here.
- Faneuil Hall and Quincy Market: In Faneuil Hall, which is part of the Freedom Trail, there are market stalls on the ground floor. The “Ancient and Honorable Artillery Museum” awaits you on the fourth floor, where weapons, uniforms and pictures of important battles are on display. The Quincy Market is located next to and extends the Faneuil Hall. There is also a food market inside the historic building. You can also visit restaurants and bars in Quincy Market.
- Harvard: Few can claim to have been to Harvard. If you want to get a taste of campus at least once, you can visit the famous university during your stay and book a walk around the campus in the visitor center.
- Boston Public Library: The Boston Public Library is located in Copley Square. The square is surrounded by buildings from different eras, which results in a surreal scenery. The Boston Public Library itself is the largest municipal public library in the United States and one of the largest libraries on earth.
- Charlestown Navy Yard: The Charlestown Navy Yard is where the oldest warship in the American Navy, the USS Constitution, is moored. The harbor itself is part of the Boston National Historical Park, which also houses the Bunker Hill Monument, which is also worth seeing.
- Old South Meeting House: The Old South Meeting House was the site of the debate that ultimately led to the Boston Tea Party. Today the former church houses a museum and is part of the Freedom Trail.
- Old State House: The Old State House is considered in some places to be the birthplace of US independence. For example, after a trial in 1761, John Adams once wrote: “At that time and in this place [...] the child named Independence was born ...”. In 1776, the Declaration of Independence was proclaimed from this building. Today the building is a museum, not least thanks to its importance for the independence of the United States.
- John Hancock Tower / 200 Clarendon: The John Hancock Tower, which has since been renamed the 200 Clarendon, is the tallest structure in the city. The tower is also the largest skyscraper in New England. The tower looks different from each side and is therefore a popular photo motif.
- Commonwealth Avenue: Commonwealth Avenue runs from the western corner of the Boston Public Garden, through Back Bay, Kenmore Square and finally to Newton. Of cultural interest are the many statues that have been placed along Commonwealth Avenue. These include statues of Alexander Hamilton, John Glover and Leif Eriksson.
- USS Constitution: The USS Constitution is the oldest seaworthy warship in the world and entered service in 1798. Today it is used as a museum ship, on which regular guided tours by sailors in historical uniforms take place.
Must-see museums in Boston
There really are enough museums in Boston. The following shouldn't be missing if you're interested in the history of the big city and the United States in general. But art lovers will definitely get their money's worth here too. An overview of the most famous.
- Museum of Fine Arts Boston: The 450,000 exhibits in the Museum of Fine Arts Boston attract around one million visitors every year. Works by Jackson Pollock and Frida Kahlo are exhibited there. In addition, every first Friday of the month from 6 p.m. to 9:30 p.m., it is possible to marvel at the exhibits in the MFA for 25 US dollars and enjoy cocktails, tapas and music. An experience for almost all the senses.
- Mapparium: The Mapparium in the Mary Baker Eddy Library is absolutely worth seeing and a little different from other museums. Here you cross a bridge inside a globe and see the earth from the inside. The countries are shown as they were in 1935. A special highlight is also the acoustics. If you stand in the center of the globe, your own voice can be heard in surround sound. The proportions are different than expected and correct some perceptions of relative size. The Mapparium is open Tuesday to Sunday between 10:00 and 16:00. Tours are offered every 20 minutes.
- Boston Tea Party Ships & Museum: The museum dedicated to the world-famous Boston Tea Party is open Monday through Friday from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Every second and fourth Friday of the month there is also the “Tavern Night”, during which you can enjoy authentic music, singing and dancing. The museum itself brings visitors back to the year 1773. Here they walk through restored ships, marvel at holographic exhibits and can also throw a few boxes of tea overboard. The award-winning documentary "Let it begin here" is also well worth seeing.
- Paul Revere House: Paul Revere House, built around 1680, is the oldest building in town. Here lived the man who was put into his mouth with the phrase “The British are coming”. The house can be visited. A self-guided tour is offered that teaches about the historical facts.
- Museum of Bad Art: Not the fine arts, but rather the opposite is the theme of this museum, which is located in the basement of the Sommerville Theater. The collection of works of bad art includes 700 works by different artists, around twenty of which are exhibited at the same time. Entry to the Museum of Bad Art is free. Access is always possible when the cinema is also open.
- MIT museum: Technology fans get their money's worth in the MIT Museum. Over a million exhibits are gathered here at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the collection is constantly expanding. The interactive exhibitions in the museum are a real highlight. The Massachusetts Institute of Technology Museum of Technology is open Monday through Friday between 10 a.m. and 5 p.m. From September to June, admission is free on the last Sunday of the month.
- John F. Kennedy Presidential Museum & Library: The distinctive building houses numerous exhibits and information about the presidency of John F. Kennedy. You can, among other things,Learn more about the Kennedy-Nixon debate, the space program, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the election campaign and the President's family members.
- Institute of Contemporary Art, Boston: The Institute of Contemporary Art (ICA) is an art museum in the South Boston Seaport District devoted to contemporary art.
- Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum: The Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum is the museum of the American art collector and patron of the same name. The private museum now houses over 2,500 exhibits from Europe, Asia and America. The museum attracted media attention, among other things, through an art theft in 1990 when several masterpieces were stolen from the collection. These included the masterpiece “Christ in the Storm on the Sea of Galilee” by Rembrandt and other masterpieces by Rembrandt, Degas, Manet and Flinck.
- Museum of Science (MoS): The MoS is located in the Science Park on the Charles River and offers 700 interactive exhibits as well as daily live presentations, a planetarium, an indoor zoo and an IMAX cinema. The Imax cinema is unique in its form in New England. Because it is the only thing that has a screen in the form of a dome to offer.
There are also some beautiful churches waiting to be visited in the big city.
These include, for example:
- Trinity Church: Trinity Church is best known for its choirs, but it is also very interesting from an architectural point of view. After all, it was named one of the “Ten Most Great Buildings in the United States” for a reason. In addition, the church, which is located in the Back Bay district of the city, is listed as a National Historic Landmark.
- Park Street Church: Park Street Church, built in 1809, is located in the Downtown Crossing district, where many shops are also waiting for visitors. It is a historic part of the Freedom Trail.
- Old North Church: The Old North Church is located in the North End of the city and also played a significant role in the history of the independence of the United States. It is from here that the famous signal “One if by land, and two if by sea” by Paul Revere is said to have been sent to the surrounding area by means of lanterns. The church is the oldest in-use facility in town, a National Historic Landmark, and part of the Freedom Trail.
- Old South Church: The Old South Church was built in 1874 in Gothic Revival style and is located in Copley Square. The building is listed as a National Historic Landmark and has been added to the National Register of Historic Places.
- King’s Chapel: King’s Chapel was the first Anglican church to be founded in New England and has a long and varied history. Next to the church is a cemetery where many famous historical figures are buried. The King’s Chapel Burying Ground is part of the Freedom Trail.
Boston for nature lovers
- Franklin Park Zoo: The Franklin Park Zoo opened in 1912 and extends over 290,000 square meters and houses over 220 different species of animals. The zoo is divided into different areas. The Tropical Forest, for example, which is home to gorillas, is very well known. There is an area for animals from Australia, several for African animals and Bird’s World with countless species of birds. Butterfly Landing, the butterfly tent with over 1,000 animals, opened in 1997.
- Arnold Arboretum: The botanical garden is located in the Arborway and is particularly worth a visit in spring and summer when many plants are in full bloom.
- Harvard Museum of Natural History: The natural history museum is a fascinating place in itself and not only worth a visit because of its "Glass Flowers". The 4,300 plant models made of glass were made by Leopold and Rudolf Blaschka between 1887 and 1936 and are uniquely beautiful. The special thing about these plants made of glass is the fact that in the 19th century only paper mache and wax were available for models. However, the founder of the museum, George Lincoln Goodale, wanted real-life exhibits. This is how father and son Blaschka, who came from a long dynasty of glassblowers, came up with the idea of creating 847 species with remarkably accurate structures from glass. In 2016, the entire collection was cleaned and the showcases revised.
- Mount Auburn Cemetry: Mount Auburn Cemetry is not only a botanical garden, but also a cemetery. Here in this cemetery you can stroll through the landscape undisturbed and in peace and quiet and enjoy the beautiful plants.
- Watch whales: It is a very special experience to watch whales live, which you probably only knew from films up to now. Whale-watching tours are offered by Boston Harbor Cruises. The trip by catamaran to Stellwagen Bank Marine Sanctuary takes about three to four hours and is rewarded with an unforgettable view of humpback whales, fin whales, minke whales, pilot whales and right whales. And if you're lucky, you can even see dolphins.
- New England Aquarium: The New England Aquarium is definitely one of the city's top attractions. The aquarium has existed since 1969 and is home to over 20,000 animals. In addition to a large ocean basin, fish from the Amazon, penguins, sea lions and other animals can also be admired there.
Hotels, apartments and holiday homes
Find hotels, apartments and vacation rentals in Boston at www.booking.com.
Boston's cultural offerings
Boston is considered a cultural center and anyone who talks about Boston's cultural offerings will certainly first think of the Symphony Hall and the Boston Symphony Orchestra. Both are world famous and regularly offer concerts. But the city also has an amazing range of cultural activities to offer. For example, there are “Third Saturdays” in the Waltham district. A different cultural event is held here every third Saturday of the month from 3 p.m.
There are also regular events at "The Wilbur" near Boston Common, where concerts by national and international bands take place at irregular intervals. Regular art exhibitions and lectures are held at Mount Auburn Cemetry, and there are frequent cultural events at The Beehive, south of Boston Common.
The most beautiful parks in Boston
Boston is a fairly green city, where you can always find green spots even in the center. There are also some beautiful parks that are great for relaxing if you want to take a break after a tour of museums and sights. The following parks, for example, should be mentioned here.
- Moakley Park: Moakley Park by the harbor is easy to get to and entirely dedicated to sport. It is an excellent place to keep fit while on vacation.
- Boston Common: Boston Common was once a pasture, encampment and execution site. It has been a city park since 1830, where formal and informal events such as concerts or demonstrations take place. But of course you can also have a picnic there, stroll through the park on foot or, in winter, skate on the "Frog Pond" in the eastern part of the park.
- Rose Kennedy Fitzgerald Greenway: The elongated city park is located near Interstate 93 between the Waterfront and Downtown. There is a carousel, a beer garden and wide paths that invite you to take a walk. The various pools in the park are used extensively for refreshment in summer.
- Charles River Esplanade: The Charles River Esplanade runs along the Charles River. For many decades the river was used as a sewer, but today it has a water quality again that allows fish to be found and invites you to swim. The Esplanade can be easily reached by public transport. You can rent bicycles or a boat there, the children can play in the playground and with a bit of luck there will also be a concert in the “shell” when you are there.
- Back Bay Fens: The "Back Bay Fens" has been a park since 1879 and merges into the "Riverway" and "Olmsted Park" along the Muddy River. There is a rose garden where weddings are held and the Westland Gate with the lion heads, the duck house and the Japanese temple bell from 1675 are absolutely worth seeing.
And if that's not enough, you should definitely pay a visit to Mayor Danehy Park in the west, Boston National Historical Park in the north, Marine Park in the east, Squantum Point Park and Franklin Park and the Arnold Arboreteum in the south .
Boston for kids
Boston has a lot to offer children too. The following attractions are particularly nice for a trip with the family.
- Boston Children's Museum: It is undoubtedly the best museum for children in town and was founded in 1913 by some teachers. Today the Boston Children's Museum is one of the largest museums for children in the world. An animated life-size dinosaur, the "Arthur and Friends" exhibition, exhibits on the subjects of health, writing, art and more make an afternoon with children entertaining. The museum is open Monday through Sunday between 10:00 and 17:00. On Fridays it is even open until 9 p.m.
- Martin’s Park & Playground: Martin’s Park & Playground is located directly at the museum and offers the family and of course the children in particular plenty of space to run around. The park is very beautiful, with lots of trees and bushes and even a puppet theater for children.
- Fort on Castle Island: Picnicking is a pleasure for young and old. A great place for a picnic is the old fort on Castle Island. There are grill stations and plenty of space to let off steam. There is also a small beach. If you want, you can also visit "Fort Warren" with the Boston Harbor Ferry and find out everything there about the gruesome spirit of the "Lady in Black" who is supposed to be up there.
- Harvard Museum of Natural History: The Harvard Museum of Natural History displays 12,000 specimens from the university's research department. Among other things, children and adults can marvel at fossils of dinosaurs, meteorites, precious stones and many stuffed animals.
- Legoland Discovery Center: The Legoland Discovery Center is perfect for little Lego fans. It is located in the Assembly Row Shopping Complex in Sommerville. There children can build with Lego bricks, explore a miniature Boston made of Lego and have fun in the 4D cinema and on the indoor climbing wall.
Activities in Boston
The city, which is located in the north of New York City, offers many opportunities not only in the center, but also in the surrounding area, to spend days with the family or without.
- shop: Shopping is somehow part of the American way of life. And as in all American cities, there are also various shops in Boston where you can indulge in shopping pleasure and dress according to your own style and trend. You can let off steam in the Cambridgeside Mall in East Cambridge, for example, where you will find many different shops and restaurants. But Newbury Street in the Back Bay area, Copley Place, Downtown Crossing and Charles Street in Beacon Hill are also home to many shops and are nice areas for shopping.
- Enjoy: Dining with style. Boston isn't exactly cheap. Nonetheless, there are some tips for good food under US $ 20 such as the "Dumpling Palace" or "Tasty Burger". The "In a Pickle" has a delicious breakfast (especially if you love omelets). The “Coreanos” in Allston offers affordable Korean cuisine. And if you want to try a real Boston specialty, be sure to try the Boston Cream Pie at the Omni Parker House downtown. The “Oleana” on Inman Square invites you to feast and the “Mei Mei” food truck at Audubon Circle is always worth a detour.
- nightlife: Those who like to turn night into day should definitely get their money's worth in Boston. "The Grand" offers over 1,000 square meters of space for dancing and a 20 meter high LED wall that surrounds the dance floor. And sometimes there are even internationally known DJs at the podium, such as Shaquille O'Neal. The "Royale" in the Theater District has to offer life acts on a large stage. The establishment impresses with an elegant, marble foyer, cozy sitting areas and a generally great atmosphere to turn night into day. Latin, house and hip hop are on the agenda in the “Icon” in the Theater District and anyone looking for a huge range of music should definitely pay a visit to “Phoenix Landing” in Central Square.
- to do sports: Boston is not only on the ball culturally, but also offers everything to meet physiological needs. In winter, you can skate on Frog Pond in Boston Common and other natural or man-made ice surfaces. There are Cycle City Tours, where you can explore the city by bike accompanied by a guide. You can go kayaking on the Charles River. There are two gold courses in Franklin Park, which were designed by Donald Ross.
And if you don't want to play actively, you also have a lot of passive options. There are teams in each team sport and you will definitely find a game to watch the Boston Bruins, Boston Red Sox or Boston Celtics, depending on whether you prefer ice hockey, baseball or basketball. The home ground of the Boston Red Sox, Fenway Park, is also historically interesting. Because the stadium was built between 1911 and 1912 and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. So if you are interested in architecture, history and baseball, you should definitely pay a visit to Fenway Park Stadium and watch a game as a spectator. You can watch Boston Bruins games as a spectator in the TD Garden arena. The Boston Celtics have been at TD Garden since 1995. The Celtics are the NBA's most successful franchises.
- Explore the port: There are several ways to explore Boston Harbor. One possibility is a walk, another is taking part in a harbor tour. The building 470 Atlantik Ave. offers a great view of the famous harbor. The Fort Point Channel Tour also starts there. Another route leads to the city center. The downtown tour begins in Christopher Columbus Park, part of the North End district.
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