What did you do after the 12th grade?
University entrance qualification or high school diploma?
Advantages of the technical college entrance qualification and the Abitur
In general, graduates with a technical college entrance qualification or high school diploma have better career and advancement opportunities than secondary school or secondary school students. A study by the Bertelsmann Foundation shows that successfully completing a technical college entrance qualification or high school diploma reduces the risk of unemployment.
The graduation exams
The Abitur is the highest possible school leaving certificate. It offers you the opportunity to complete any course of study at any university or technical college in Germany, provided that you meet the entry requirements of the respective university.
G8-Gymnasium: Abitur after 12 years
To complete the Abitur, you must first have had a school career of at least 12 or 13 years. Since 2001, the time to graduation has been reduced to 12 years in all German federal states. In an international comparison, Germans need more time to complete their education than graduates from other countries. This is to be changed by the abbreviated Abitur as well as the Bachelor and Master courses.
Catch up on the Abitur
Did you leave school with a secondary or secondary school leaving certificate? Then there are numerous opportunities for you, including part-time, to catch up on your Abitur. This works regardless of time and place in distance learning, on site you can attend an evening grammar school, the adult education center (VHS) or a college. In addition, you can choose the most modern way to get your Abitur: the online Abitur. Here you will find all the necessary information about catching up on the Abitur
You will receive the completion of the general higher education entrance qualification (Abitur) after successfully passing it written and oral Abitur examination. Depending on the federal state, the pupils are examined in writing in 3 to 4 examination subjects - the advanced courses and 1 to 2 basic courses.
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The oral examination only takes place in one examination subject. For this purpose, the high school graduate prepares for the oral exam in a 30-minute preparation time using a text and related questions. In the examination interview, the high school graduate then presents his prepared answers. The auditors can then ask further questions on the topic. In contrast to the written examinations, the candidate receives the grade immediately after the examination. Here you can find more information about the Abitur examination.
Those who make up their Abitur on the second educational path must attend a so-called External examination take part. Here you will find information on registration and costs, prerequisites, requirements and organization of the external examination for the Abitur.
The technical college entrance qualification
Studying with a technical college entrance qualification - also at the university!
The technical college entrance qualification is the second highest possible school leaving certificate after the Abitur. It enables you to study at a university of applied sciences. And: Even with the advanced technical college entrance qualification, you can now study at some universities. In Hessen z. B. You have the opportunity to start a bachelor's degree at all universities with the exception of the University of Frankfurt a.M. At some universities in other federal states it is also possible to study with a technical college entrance qualification - an aptitude test is often a prerequisite.
With the advanced technical college entrance qualification, you can also switch to a master's degree at a university after completing a bachelor's degree at a technical college. Here you will find further information on studying with a technical college entrance qualification. Please note, however, that some professional fields are only accessible with a university degree. B. the profession of doctor or lawyer.
Gain practical experience
With the acquisition of the practical part of the technical college entrance qualification, you have the advantage that you can already get a taste of the professional field you are aiming for. In this way you can be sure that the chosen professional field is actually right for you. In addition, practical work experience - whether in the form of an apprenticeship or an internship - is an aspect that sets you apart from other applicants when looking for a job. In some industries, this hands-on experience can be of greater value and benefit than higher education. During the practical part of your technical college entrance qualification, you can also make valuable contacts that will help you in your later professional life.
University entrance qualification at grammar school
Compared to the Abitur, the time to school until the school-based part of the advanced technical college entrance qualification is one year shorter. They achieve the school-based part of the advanced technical college entrance qualification in the following federal states with promotion to the 12th grade of a grammar school: Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia, Saarland, Saxony-Anhalt and Schleswig-Holstein. In the federal states of Brandenburg, Bremen, Hesse and Rhineland-Palatinate, on the other hand, you can only acquire the school-based part with admission to the Abitur examination. In both cases, you must acquire the practical part of the advanced technical college entrance qualification in addition to the school part.
If you missed the opportunity to obtain the advanced technical college entrance qualification during your school days, you have the option of obtaining the advanced technical college entrance qualification. In order to be able to catch up on the advanced technical college entrance qualification, you must be able to provide evidence of completed vocational training or a six-month to one-year internship or acquire it in parallel. Those who want to catch up on the Abitur, on the other hand, only have to provide evidence of a secondary school leaving certificate.
Examination of the advanced technical college entrance qualification (school part) as an external examination or completion of the technical college / vocational school
Just like the Abitur examination, the Fachhochschulreife examination also consists of a written and an oral part. It can be taken as a qualification from a technical college or vocational school or as an external examination after distance learning. The written exam covers the subjects German / communication, English and mathematics. In addition, there is the subject of the chosen professional focus. The duration of the written examination is 180 minutes per subject. Here you will find information on the subject of distance learning exams.
What changes to the technical college entrance qualification result from the Abitur after 12 years?
By acquiring the Abitur after 12 years and not after 13 years as before, there are also changes to the acquisition of the advanced technical college entrance qualification:
- The school part of the advanced technical college entrance qualification is acquired at the G8-Gymnasium already after the first year of the qualification phase, i. H. with completion of grade 11.
- The Abitur is achieved at the end of the qualification phase, grade 12.
Technical college entrance qualification or high school diploma - these questions will help you decide:
- Do I want to study one day? If so, would you prefer to go to a university or a technical college?
- Do I want to become a doctor, lawyer or teacher? Then only a university degree is an option, therefore only the Abitur.
- Do I attach more importance to theory or practice?
- Do I already have work experience?
- Would I prefer to gain work experience or attend school for an extra year?
- Are there universities where I want to study that also offer a university entrance qualification?
- What is more respected in the profession in which I want to work: technical college entrance qualification or high school diploma?
Popular distance schools
At the following distance learning schools you can catch up on the advanced technical college entrance qualification via distance learning. You have the choice between different areas of focus and, depending on your school leaving certificate and your previous knowledge, you can choose between different entry options.
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